Impact of Cr doping on the structure, optical and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline ZnO particles

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The doping of Cr ions on the structure, optical and magnetic properties of ZnO have been investigated. Zn1−xCrxO (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) samples were prepared by the solution combustion method. Rietveld refined x-ray diffraction results reveal that all the samples are in a hexagonal structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the particle size was 48.2 ±2.1 nm, 29.4 ± 2.2 nm and 25.3 ± 2.1 nm for the Zn1−xCrxO with x = 0, 0.03 and 0.05, respectively. The band-gap decreases slightly from 3.308 ± 0.003 eV to 3.291 ± 0.003 eV with increase of Cr content from x = 0 to 0.05, respectively. The field-dependent magnetization M(μοH) measurements of ZnO and Cr-doped ZnO exhibit room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM). Photoluminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance exhibits negatively charged zinc vacancies (VZn) and singly ionized oxygen vacancies (Vo+) in ZnO and these defects are responsible for RTFM. And the VZn accountable for RTFM in Cr-doped ZnO. EPR results confirmed that Cr3+ ions replaces the Zn2+ sites in the hexagonal ZnO. The observed long-range ferromagnetism ordering is explained based on the bound magnetic polaron (BMP) mechanism. This work elucidates the origin of RTFM in synthesized ZnO and Cr-doped ZnO.

Original languageEnglish
Article number170815
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2023


  • Combustion synthesis
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance
  • Ferromagnetism
  • Photoluminescence
  • ZnO:Cr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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