Immunological and biochemical interplay between cytokines, oxidative stress and schistosomiasis

Priscilla Masamba, Abidemi Paul Kappo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The host-parasite schistosome relationship relies heavily on the interplay between the strategies imposed by the schistosome worm and the defense mechanisms the host uses to counter the line of attack of the parasite. The ultimate goal of the schistosome parasite entails five important steps: evade elimination tactics, survive within the human host, develop into adult forms, propagate in large numbers, and transmit from one host to the next. The aim of the parasitized host on the other hand is either to cure or limit infection. Therefore, it is a battle between two conflicting aspirations. From the host’s standpoint, infection accompanies a plethora of immunological consequences; some are set in place to defend the host, while most end up promoting chronic disease, which ultimately crosses paths with oxidative stress and cancer. Understanding these networks provides attractive opportunities for anti-schistosome therapeutic development. Hence, this review discusses the mechanisms by which schistosomes modulate the human immune response with ultimate links to oxidative stress and genetic instability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7216
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


  • Cytokines
  • Dendritic cells
  • Eosinophils
  • Granuloma
  • Macrophages
  • Schistosomiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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