Hydrogen storage in metal-organic frameworks: A review

Henrietta W. Langmi, Jianwei Ren, Brian North, Mkhulu Mathe, Dmitri Bessarabov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

330 Citations (Scopus)


Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for hydrogen storage have continued to receive intense interest over the past decade. MOFs are a class of organic-inorganic hybrid crystalline materials consisting of metallic moieties that are linked by strong coordination bonds to organic ligands. They exhibit a great structural diversity and possess low weight, exceptionally high surface areas, large free volumes, and tunable pore sizes and functionalities, making them extremely attractive for a variety of applications such as hydrogen storage. For these reasons MOFs have been extensively studied. In this paper, a review of recent developments on hydrogen storage in MOFs is presented, with a focus on the effects of various factors including open metal sites, 'guest' metal ions, ligand functionalization, surface area, pore volume, pore size, and Pt or Pd metal nanoparticles, on hydrogen storage. In addition, the review examines the emerging research on MOF hybrid hydrogen storage systems, primarily in the context of employing MOFs for nanoconfinement of high temperature hydrogen storage materials. The review focuses on experimental studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-392
Number of pages25
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Hybrid hydrogen storage material
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Metal-organic framework

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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