How long does it last? Prior victimization from workplace bullying moderates the relationship between daily exposure to negative acts and subsequent depressed mood

Øystein Løvik Hoprekstad, Jørn Hetland, Arnold B. Bakker, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Roar Espevik, Martin Wessel, Ståle Valvatne Einarsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships between daily exposure to negative acts and depressed mood on the same day and on the days following the exposure, and to test the hypothesis that these relationships would be stronger among those who have recently gone through a process of victimization from workplace bullying. The sample comprised 110 naval cadets participating in two different eleven-week tall ship voyages from Northern Europe to North America. Victimization from workplace bullying the last six months was measured one day prior to the voyages. Exposure to negative acts and depressed mood was measured daily during the first 33 consecutive days of the voyages. The results of multilevel modelling indicated that exposure to negative acts was related to higher levels of depressed mood on the same day as the exposure among all cadets, regardless of victimization status. However, exposure to negative acts predicted higher levels of depressed mood one and two days following the exposure among victims only. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-178
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Workplace bullying
  • depressed mood
  • diary study
  • negative acts
  • vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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