How does chronic burnout affect dealing with weekly job demands? A test of central propositions in JD-R and COR-theories

Arnold B. Bakker, Despoina Xanthopoulou, Evangelia Demerouti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study uses job demands–resources and conservation of resources theories to propose that chronic levels of job burnout may aggravate the positive relationship of weekly job demands with week-level burnout symptoms, dysfunctional coping, and self-undermining. Specifically, we hypothesize that weekly job demands (workload and emotional demands) relate positively to maladaptive behaviors through weekly burnout symptoms, particularly when chronic burnout is higher (vs. lower). We collected data among 84 employees from various occupational sectors, who first filled out a general survey, and then completed weekly diary surveys every Friday, for five consecutive weeks (total n = 415 occasions). Results of multilevel analyses generally supported the hypotheses. Weekly job demands were positively related to weekly burnout and self-undermining only when employees scored higher on chronic burnout. Moreover, as predicted, the results showed that job demands were most strongly related to dysfunctional coping and self-undermining through weekly burnout symptoms for individuals higher (vs. lower) in chronic burnout. These findings highlight the interplay between weekly job demands and chronic burnout in the process of resource loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-410
Number of pages22
JournalApplied Psychology
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • COR-theory
  • JD-R theory
  • burnout
  • dysfunctional coping
  • self-undermining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

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