Housing- and infrastructure-led regeneration in South Africa: A case study of Johannesburg and Tshwane metropolitan municipalities

Wellington D. Thwala, Clinton Ohis Aigbavboa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Along with other countries around the world, South Africa is currently faced with the need for informal settlement upgrading through regeneration programmes. The South African Government since 1994 has initiated and implemented several housing delivery programmes and subsidy mechanisms to eliminate the incidence of ‘slum housing’ and its associated poverty. In addition to high levels of unemployment, there is also a widely acknowledged need for housing and municipal infrastructure (water supply, sewerage, streets, stormwater drainage, electricity, and refuse collection). Provision of adequate housing and infrastructure for the poor to reduce poverty and improve the quality of people’s lives has been a huge challenge for the South AfricanGovernment over the years. The high level of unemployment and relatively low average wage level contribute to a major housing affordability problem in South Africa. The high unemployment rate forces many people to live in unstructured settlements; hence the need for housing- and infrastructure-led regeneration. Urban regeneration has become a critical concern for the South African Government. The aim of this chapteris to raise questions about housing- and infrastructure-led regeneration through the upgrading and eradication of informal settlements in South Africa. The chapter investigates the lessons and challenges that can be learnt through housing- and infrastructure-led regeneration programmes in two South African municipalities. The chapter closes with recommendations on how housing and infrastructure led regeneration can be improved.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Companion to Urban Regeneration
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781136266546
ISBN (Print)9780415539043
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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