Highly Selective and Sensitive Detection of Formaldehyde by β12-Borophene/SnO2Heterostructures: The Role of an External Electric Field and In-Plain Biaxial Strain

Francis Opoku, Penny P. Govender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The design of sensors for detecting formaldehyde (HCHO) gas in the environment is vastly necessary since even at low concentrations, it is very harmful to human health. Herein, a novel, reproductive, selective, and sensitive HCHO sensor has been designed by functionalizing SnO2 with β12-borophene sheets for the first time via density functional theory calculations. The results revealed that the wide direct band-gap SnO2 semiconductor and zero-band-gap β12-borophene form a distinctive orbital hybridization heterostructure with a moderate direct band gap of 1.09 eV and effectively enhance the electrical conductivity, selectivity, long-term stability, and the HCHO molecule response. The HCHO molecule chemisorbs in several orientations on the β12-borophene/SnO2 surface, behaving as a charge acceptor and donor at some point. Moreover, applied biaxial strain and external electric field enhance the stability, band gap, and charge transfer of the adsorbent-adsorbate interactions. Therefore, a β12-borophene/SnO2 sensor with excellent adsorption, work function, tunable band gaps, charge redistributions, and sensing properties can be applied in indoor pollution detection and optoelectronic applications, where an external electric field can be used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2288-2300
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume124
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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