High P-T phase transformations and metastability in the Zr0.5Hf0.5O2 solid-solution ceramic

Neil R. Jackson, Rudolph M. Erasmus, David G. Billing, Giovanni R. Hearne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High pressure-temperature (P-T) phases of the ZrxHf1-xO2 (x=0.5) solid-solution have been stabilised in a CO2 laser heated diamond anvil cell. At room-temperature the monoclinic to orthorhombic-I structural transformation is initiated at 5-8GPa. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies show these two phases coexist to above ∼15GPa. A progressive increase in the orthorhombic-I phase abundance occurs, to culminate in full conversion at ∼20GPa. At this lower threshold of ∼20GPa transformation to the orthorhombic-II (cotunnite) structure can be initiated by heating in the range of 600-1200°C. Substantial conversion to the cotunnite phase occurs in the same temperature range at 25-30GPa. Raman signatures have been assigned to the two orthorhombic high-pressure phases, aided by the qualitative assessment of the complementary XRD data. Decompression experiments show that phase mixture composites of these high pressure structures, possibly with enhanced tribological properties, can be recovered to ambient conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-704
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


  • A. Sol-gel processes
  • B. X-ray methods
  • D. ZrO
  • High pressure-temperature
  • Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'High P-T phase transformations and metastability in the Zr0.5Hf0.5O2 solid-solution ceramic'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this