Heteroatoms (B, N, S) doped quantum dots as potential drug delivery system for isoniazid: insight from DFT, NCI, and QTAIM

Henry O. Edet, Hitler Louis, Terkumbur E. Gber, Precious S. Idante, Thank God C. Egemonye, Providence B. Ashishie, Emmanuella E. Oyo-Ita, Innocent Benjamin, Adedapo S. Adeyinka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toxicity in drug includes target toxicity, immune hypersensitivity and off target toxicity. Recently, advances in nanotechnology in the areas of drug delivery have help reduce toxicity and enhance drug solubility and deliver drugs to target sites more efficiently. In this study, we present a novel heteroatom functionalized quantum dot (QD-NBC and QD-NBS) as an effective drug delivery system for isoniazid. The said QD has been computationally modeled to assess its effectiveness in delivering isoniazid to desired target. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed on the QD at the B3LYP/6−311+G(d, p) level to assess its stability through the natural bond orbital (NBO) calculations, and frontier molecular orbital (FMO) before and after interaction with isoniazid drug to understand any change in molecular behavior of the surface. Appropriate intermolecular interactions between the QD and the drug were computed through the Quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM) and Non-covalent interaction to assess the various binding mechanism and possible interactions resulting to the effective delivery of the drug target. To understand and accurately appraise the binding energy of adsorption, DFT calculations were performed with different functionals (B3LYP, CAM-B3LYP, PBEPBE, GD3BJ & WB97XD/6−311+G (d, p)). The results from DFT calculations point the functionalized QDs to be stable with appreciable energy gap suitable for delivery purposes. The adsorption energy of the drug target with the QD is in the range of −24.73 to 33.75 kcal/mol which indicates substantial interaction of the drug with the QD surface. This absorption energy is comparable with several reported literature and thus prompt the suitability of the surface for isoniazid delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12599
JournalHeliyon
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • DFT
  • Drug delivery
  • Interaction
  • Isoniazid
  • Quantum dots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Multidisciplinary

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