Hepatoprotective effect of Rhodiola imbricata rhizome against paracetamol-induced liver toxicity in rats

Ravichandran Senthilkumar, Rahul Chandran, Thangaraj Parimelazhagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Rhodiola imbricata is a perennial herb of the family Crassulaceae, which has significant traditional usage as medicine and is also known to biosynthesize phytochemicals such as flavonoids, coumarins and phenyl glycosides. The present investigation was aimed to estimate the hepatoprotective activity of R. imbricata rhizome acetone extract against paracetamol (2g/kg) induced liver toxicity. Paracetamol was administered to induce hepatic damage in Wistar rats. 200 and 400mg/kg doses of rhizome acetone extract and silymarin (25mg/kg) were used as treatment groups. The blood samples were analyzed for biochemical markers of hepatic injury and tissue samples were subjected for estimation of liver antioxidants and histopathological studies. Analysis of the extract treated rats (400mg/kg) showed an elevation of superoxide dismutase (0.326units/min/mg protein), catalase (185.03μmole of H2O2 consumed/min/mg protein), glutothione peroxidase (19.26mg GSH consumed/min/mg protein) and reduced glutathione (16.2μmole of GSH/mg protein). Moreover, the biochemical parameters in serum like alkaline phosphatase, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) and lipid profiles were also improved in treated groups compared to the control. The oral administration of different doses of rhizome acetone extract significantly protected the hepatic cells from damage. The hematological and biochemical parameters were also normal in extract treated rats compared to the control and standard (silymarin) groups. The HPLC analysis revealed the presence of some important phenolic compounds which could be responsible for the hepatoprotective activity. This study proved that R. imbricata could be taken as a good natural source of the hepatoprotective agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-416
Number of pages8
JournalSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Biochemical markers
  • Hematology
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Histopathology
  • In vivo antioxidants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Hepatoprotective effect of Rhodiola imbricata rhizome against paracetamol-induced liver toxicity in rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this