Gynecologic Cancer, Cancer Stem Cells, and Possible Targeted Therapies

Vahideh Keyvani, Espanta Riahi, Meysam Yousefi, Seyed Alireza Esmaeili, Rana Shafabakhsh, Amin Moradi Hasan-Abad, Maryam Mahjoubin-Tehran, Michael R. Hamblin, Samaneh Mollazadeh, Hamed Mirzaei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gynecologic cancer is one of the main causes of death in women. In this type of cancer, several molecules (oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes) contribute to the tumorigenic process, invasion, metastasis, and resistance to treatment. Based on recent evidence, the detection of molecular changes in these genes could have clinical importance for the early detection and evaluation of tumor grade, as well as the selection of targeted treatment. Researchers have recently focused on cancer stem cells (CSCs) in the treatment of gynecologic cancer because of their ability to induce progression and recurrence of malignancy. This has highlighted the importance of a better understanding of the molecular basis of CSCs. The purpose of this review is to focus on the molecular mechanism of gynecologic cancer and the role of CSCs to discover more specific therapeutic approaches to gynecologic cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number823572
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • cancer stem cells
  • carcinogenesis
  • cervical cancer
  • chemoresistance
  • endometrial cancer
  • gynecologic cancer
  • molecular mechanism
  • ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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