Gonial angle measures in Medieval and contemporary skeletons

Borja Faus-Valero, Susanna Llidó-Torrent, Marcos Miquel-Feutch, Laura Quiles-Guiñau, Marcelino Perez-Bermejo, Shahed Nalla, Juan A. Sanchis-Gimeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We aimed to test the possible differences in gonial angle values between a Medieval sample and a contemporary sample because literature suggests that modern skulls tend to have larger gonial angles. We analyzed the gonial angle values in a Medieval sample (n=69) and a current sample (20th century sample; n=146). We found that current gonial angle values were 3.6º(CI95% 2.2-4.9) larger than the Medieval angle values (p<0.001). No significant differences between the right and left angle values in both the Medieval (p=0.131) and current sample (p=0.120) were observed. The right angle values of the current sample were 3.6ºlarger (CI95% 1.9-5.3) than the medieval right angle values while the left angle values of the current sample were 3.5ºlarger (CI95% 1.9-5.2) than the Medieval left angle values. Our research suggests that the present population have larger angle values than the Medieval population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Anatomy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Diet
  • Mandibular anatomy
  • Mandibular injuries
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy


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