Gender diversity and enterprise innovative capability: The mediating effect of women’s years of education in Nigeria

Tukur Garba, Erika Kraemer-Mbula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether female workers’ years of education do mediate the influence of gender diversity on innovative capability of enterprises in Nigeria. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses three waves Nigeria Enterprise Surveys panel dataset collected in 2007, 2009 and 2014, for a sample of 1,566 enterprises to circumvent the problems associated with application of cross-sectional designs in mediation studies. The study applies Hicks and Tingley’s (2011) two equations mediation analysis approach with robust standard error. Findings: The results of the inferential analysis indicate that female workers’ years of education mediate fully and positively the effect of gender diversity on innovative capability of enterprises in Nigeria. Research limitations/implications: For gender diversity to enhance the innovative capability of an enterprise, female workers must be empowered with higher levels of formal education. Practical implications: Female workers should be empowered with formal education in order to enhance the ability of firms to innovate. Gender diversity alone does not enhance the innovative capability of an enterprise without empowering female workers with formal education. Originality/value: Although past studies do provide substantial evidence on the positive relationship between gender diversity and the innovative capability of enterprises, the mediating effect of education on this relationship has been ignored. This is particularly relevant in a country such as Nigeria with low levels of innovation. Furthermore, despite the presumed positive effect of gender diversity on innovative capability, existing empirical research does not yield consistent findings to clearly resolve how or why gender diversity does affect the innovative capability of enterprises. This paper tests whether it could be the result of a mediating (intervening) variable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-309
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Entrepreneurship education and training
  • Gender diversity
  • Innovation capabilities
  • Nigeria
  • Small enterprise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Business and International Management
  • Economics and Econometrics

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