Fractionation of macro and trace metals due to off-time interrupted electrodewatering

Tuan Pham-Anh, Mika Sillanpaa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Electrodewatering with interrupted voltage was set up to investigate the effects of long off-time interruption on solid content in the final sludge cake and the fractionation of macro and trace elements in the sludge matrix. In comparison to continuous direct current (DC) electrodewatering, long off-time interruption had a negative effect on water removal, resulting in a high water content in sludge at anode and the final sludge cake. However, long off-time interrupted electrodewatering significantly increased dry solid (DS) content in the final sludge cake in comparison to control experiments. Removal of Na+ and K+ from sludge was affected by long off-time interruption. The long off-time interruption also negatively influenced the dissolution and migration of macro (Ca, Mg, and Fe) and trace (Ni, Mn, and Zn) metals in sludge cake matrix. The long off-time interrupted voltage application did not have any effect on the chromium concentrations in sludge at the anode; however, the chromium concentrations in the removed water at the anode significantly depended on off-time interruption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-772
Number of pages11
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrodewatering
  • Electroosmosis
  • Metal fraction
  • Off-time interruption
  • Sludge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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