Field-insensitive heavy fermion features and phase transition in the caged-structure quasi-skutterudite Sm3 Ru4 Ge13

Harikrishnan S. Nair, Ramesh Kumar K., Douglas Britz, Sarit K. Ghosh, Christian Reinke, André M. Strydom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The robust field-insensitive heavy fermion features in Sm3 Ru4 Ge13 and the magnetic phase transition at TN ≈ 5 K are studied using magnetization M(T), specific heat Cp(T), resistivity ρ(T) and thermal conductivity κT(T). The average crystal structure of Sm3 Ru4 Ge13 conforms to the cubic space group Pm3¯n however, signatures of subtle structural distortions are obtained from the x ray data. The magnetic susceptibility, χ(T), follows a modified Curie–Weiss law indicating the presence of crystal fields of Sm3+ and the significance of van Vleck terms. No sign of ferromagnetism is observed in M(H) of Sm3 Ru4 Ge13 which yields only 0.025 μB/f.u.-Sm at 2 K, 7 T. The Sommerfeld coefficient, γ≈ 220 mJ/mol-Sm K2, estimated from the analysis of low temperature specific heat suggests the formation of heavy quasi particles at low temperature. Though a lnT dependence of ρ(T) is observed till 60 K, the resistivity behavior is accounted for by assuming a two-band model for activated behavior of charge carriers. The field scans of resistivity, ρ(H), below TN display significant nonlinearity while those above the TN are more metal-like. Low values of thermal conductivity, κT(T), are observed in Sm3 Ru4 Ge13 however, displaying an anomaly at TN which signifies magnetoelastic coupling. A fairly high value of Seebeck coefficient, S ≈ 40 μV/K is observed at 300 K. We identify Sm3 Ru4 Ge13 as a low charge carrier density system with unusual field-insensitive heavy fermion features very similar to the filled skutterudites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-261
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2016


  • Field-insensitive
  • Heavy fermion
  • Quasi-skutterudite
  • Samarium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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