Factors Associated with Atopic Dermatitis among Children Aged 6 to 14 Years in Alimosho Local Government, Lagos, Nigeria

Olubunmi A. Kayode, Charlotte M. Mokoatle, Phoka C. Rathebe, Thokozani P. Mbonane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There has been a rise in the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) globally, especially in low-and middle-income countries such as Nigeria. The condition has been linked to genetic predisposes, living conditions, and environmental factors. Environmental factors are considered a significant contributor to AD in low- and middle-income countries. This study determined the prevalence of AD in south-western Nigeria and identified risk factors in home and school environments that children aged 6 to 14 years are exposed to. A cross-sectional study was adopted, and the total sample size was 349. Four randomly selected health facilities were used for the study. A questionnaire was used to determine the risk factors in the population. Data analysis was performed using the latest version of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in this study is 25%. Atopic dermatitis was found to be common in females (27%). According to the univariate analysis, children who lived where trucks pass on the street almost daily had the highest cases of atopic dermatitis (28%). Children with rugs in their houses (26%) and those whose houses are surrounded by bushes (26%) had higher cases of atopic dermatitis. Children who played on school grass (26%), attended creche with rubber toys (28%), and attended school where wooden chairs (28%) and chalkboards (27%) are used had a higher number of AD. Bivariate analysis showed an association between AD with a mother’s monthly income (p = 0.012) and eating potatoes (p = 0.005), fruits (p = 0.040), and cereal (p = 0.057). In the multivariate analysis, the consumption of fruits (p = 0.02), potatoes (p < 0.001), and cereal (p = 0.04) were identified as risk factors associated with AD. It is envisaged that the study will serve as a basis for possible research on evidence-based and primary prevention options. Hence, we recommend health education activities to empower communities to protect themselves against environmental risk factors that are preventable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number893
JournalChildren
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • allergic
  • atopic dermatitis
  • children
  • environmental factors
  • skin conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health

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