Facile synthesis, static, and dynamic magnetic characteristics of varying size double-surfactant-coated mesoscopic magnetic nanoparticles dispersed stable aqueous magnetic fluids

Saurabh Pathak, Rajni Verma, Prashant Kumar, Arjun Singh, Sakshi Singhal, Pragati Sharma, Komal Jain, Rajendra Prasad Pant, Xu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work reports the synthesis of a stable aqueous magnetic fluid (AMF) by dispersing double-surfactant-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) in water using a facile ambient scalable wet chemical route. MNPs do not disperse well in water, resulting in low stability. This was improved by dispersing double-surfactant (oleic acid and sodium oleate)-coated MNPs in water, where cross-linking between the surfactants improves the stability of the AMFs. The stability was probed by rheological measurements and all the AMF samples showed a good long-term stability and stability against a gradient magnetic field. Further, the microwave spin resonance behavior of AMFs was studied in detail by corroborating the experimental results obtained from the ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) technique to theoretical predictions by appropriate fittings. A broad spectrum was perceived for AMFs which indicates strong ferromagnetic characteristics. The resonance field shifted to higher magnetic field values with the decrease in particle size as larger-size MNPs magnetize and demagnetize more easily since their magnetic spins can align in the field di-rection more definitely. The FMR spectra was fitted to obtain various spin resonance parameters. The asymmetric shapes of the FMR spectra were observed with a decrease in particle sizes, which indicates an increase in relaxation time. The relaxation time increased with a decrease in particle sizes (sample A to D) from 37.2779 ps to 42.8301 ps. Further, a detailed investigation of the struc-tural, morphological, and dc magnetic properties of the AMF samples was performed. Room temperature dc magnetic measurements confirmed the superparamagnetic (SPM) characteristics of the AMF and the M-H plot for each sample was fitted with a Langevin function to obtain the domain magnetization, permeability, and hydrodynamic diameter of the MNPs. The saturation magnetization and coercivity of the AMF samples increased with the increase in dispersed MNPs’ size of the samples. The improvement in the stability and magnetic characteristics makes AMFs suitable can-didates for various biomedical applications such as drug delivery, magnetic fluid hyperthermia, and biomedicines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3009
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fe3O4
  • Ferromagnetic resonance
  • Langevin fitting
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Spin dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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