Fabrication of ultra-high sensitive and selective CH4 room temperature gas sensing of TiO2 nanorods: Detailed study on the annealing temperature

Z. P. Tshabalala, K. Shingange, B. P. Dhonge, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, G. H. Mhlongo, D. E. Motaung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Applications of ultra-highly sensitive and selective methane (CH4) room temperature gas sensors are important for various operations especially in underground mining environment. Therefore, this study is set out to investigate the effect of annealing temperature on the sensitivity and selectivity of TiO2-based sensors for detection of CH4 gas at room temperature. TiO2 nanoparticles synthesized using hydrothermal methods were annealed at various temperatures. Surface morphology analyses revealed that the nanoparticles transformed to nanorods after annealing at 700 °C. The results showed that the sensing properties are annealing temperature dependent. The 1.0 M TiO2 nanostructures annealed at higher temperatures (700 °C) revealed improved sensing response to CH4 gas at room temperature due to higher surface area of 180.51 m2 g−1 and point defects related to Ti3+ observed from electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and photoluminescence (PL) analyses. In addition, the 1.0 M TiO2 sensing material annealed at 700 °C also revealed an excellent sensitivity and selectivity to CH4 gas at room temperature compared to other gases (H2, NH3, and NO2), indicating that the TiO2 nanoparticles are possible candidates for motoring CH4 at low concentration of ppm level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-419
Number of pages18
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Volume238
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Annealing
  • CH
  • Gas sensing
  • Nanorods
  • Selectivity
  • TiO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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