Fabrication of Sb2O3/PbO photocatalyst for the UV/PMS assisted degradation of carbamazepine from synthetic wastewater

Zhao Wang, Varsha Srivastava, Sidra Iftekhar, Indu Ambat, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ) was investigated by hydrothermally synthesized antimony trioxide (Sb2O3)/lead oxide (PbO) photocatalyst. The photocatalyst synthesized with different ratio of Sb2O3 and PbO viz. 1:1, 2:1, 3:1, 1:2, and 1:3. Photocatalyst with 3:1 ratio of Sb2O3 and PbO showed the best photocatalytic activity towards CBZ. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis suggested that the particle size increased by increasing PbO ratio in the catalyst. It was observed that Sb2O3 synthesis with PbO showed less band gap energy in comparison to Sb2O3. The Brunauer–Emmer–Teller (BET) surface area of the Sb2O3/PbO (3:1) was determined to be 4.78 m2 g−1. In absence of catalyst, very low degradation of CBZ was achieved, while significant enhancement in CBZ degradation was observed in presence of the synthesized catalyst. CBZ degradation followed the pseudo first-order kinetics with rate constant of 0.016 min−1. Increased degradation rate was recorded when peroxymonosulfate (PMS) was used with UV/Sb2O3/PbO. Active species trapping experiment revealed that in CBZ degradation, [rad]O2 radical produced by synthesized catalysts played a major role. In presence of PMS, generation of SO4 -∙ radical enhanced the catalytic activity of synthesized catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-671
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbamazepine
  • PMS
  • Photocatalytic
  • SbO/PbO
  • UV-light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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