Extended Permutation Coding with Spectral Shaping Capability

Kehinde Ogunyanda, Theo G. Swart, Opeyemi O. Ogunyanda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Considerable effort has been focused on efficient error correction schemes in digital communications where the medium of transmission is unfriendly for information transmission. Also, some of such channels have certain frequency characteristics that should be considered during system designs. Permutation coding (PC) has been reported as being capable of spectral shaping, by manipulating channel symbols in such a way that the frequency energy of the transmitted signal is concentrated towards certain areas of the frequency spectrum. We, therefore, report an extension operation that enables the generation of a new PC from a source PC that is capable of spectrum shaping, while still maintaining its spectral shaping capability. A mathematical expression that can predict the low energy sections of the codebook’s spectrum is also presented, together with their lower and upper bounds. An added advantage of the proposed scheme is that better error correction is attainable due to the way the extension is introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-442
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Communications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Channel coding
  • code extension
  • error correction
  • permutation codes
  • power line communications
  • spectral shaping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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