Exploring the relationships between satisfaction, place attachment and loyalty in nigerian zoos

Omolola O. Ajayi, Tembi M. Tichaawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Surveys exploring satisfaction, place attachment and loyalty in a zoo context are scarce despite the prevalence of such studies vis a vis other tourism destinations, and their valued importance in understanding travel behaviour and contributions to destinations’ success. This study explores the relationships between visitors’ satisfaction, place attachment (place identity, place dependence, place affect and place social bonding) and loyalty in one of Nigeria’s prominent zoos. This study adoped a qunatitative research approach, with data obtained from a sample of 395 visitors through a structured questionnaire. Using structural equation modeling, we found that the most important causal factor of loyalty is satisfaction, either directly or indirectly through some dimensions of place attachment. In addition, it was revealed that place social bonding can act as either a predictor or an outcome of visitors’ satisfaction. Satisfaction was found to be a significant and positive mediator between place attachment (place identity and place social bonding) while place attachment was found not to mediate the relationship between satisfaction and loyalty. The findings were discussed and practical applications were drawn, particularly aimed at optimizing and providing satisfying experiences which enhances place attachment as well as loyalty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)861-872
Number of pages12
JournalGeojournal of Tourism and Geosites
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Loyalty
  • Place attachment
  • Satisfaction
  • Travel behaviour
  • Zoo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Cultural Studies
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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