Experimental investigation of thermal properties of Lignocellulosic biomass: A review

Obafemi Olatunji, Stephen Akinlabi, Ajayi Oluseyi, Mashinini Peter, Nkosinathi Madushele

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most recently, there is a renewed interest in the generation of energy from biomass given its abundance and its perceived ability as an alternative to a fossil fuel, which significantly contributes to greenhouse gas emission. Given this, lignocellulosic biomass has been acknowledged as the most abundant biomass stock for renewable energy generation across the globe. The socio-economic significance is also very overwhelming. This review article takes stock of different sources of lignocellulosic biomass and also different experimental procedure, which has been applied in the determination of the heating value and elemental composition. The review concluded that most of the research paper often echoed the enormous energy potential of biomass without thoroughly highlighting their contribution to greenhouse gas emission. It was also observed that it is only a few papers that have analyzed the effect of mixing on the heating value and elemental composition, while there are few direct comparisons of the biomass by geographical location. In overall the authors advocate for a more harmonized database for biomass.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012054
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume413
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sept 2018
Event2nd International Conference on Engineering for Sustainable World, ICESW 2018 - Ota, Nigeria
Duration: 9 Jul 201813 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Lignocellulosic
  • biomass
  • mixing
  • proximate analysis
  • ultimate analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering

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