Experimental evaluation of the influence of combined particle size pretreatment and Fe3O4 additive on fuel yields of Arachis Hypogea shells

Kehinde O. Olatunji, Daniel M. Madyira, Noor A. Ahmed, Oyetola Ogunkunle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A smart energy recovery process can achieve maximum energy recovery from organic wastes. Pretreatment of feedstock is essential to biogas and methane yields during the anaerobic digestion process. This work combined particle size reduction with Fe3O4 nanoparticles to investigate their influence on biogas and methane yields from anaerobic digestion of Arachis hypogea shells. Twenty milligrams per litre of Fe3O4 nanoparticles was implemented with 2, 4, 6 and 8 mm particle sizes and a single treatment of Fe3O4 for 35 days. The treatments were compared with each other and were discovered to significantly (p < 0.05) enhance biogas yield by 37.40%, 50.10%, 54.40%, 51.40% and 35.50% compared with control, respectively. Specific biogas yield recorded was 966.2, 1406, 1552.7, 1317.4, 766.2 and 413 mL g−1 volatile solid. This study showed the combination of Fe3O4 with 6 mm particle size of Arachis hypogea shells produced the optimum biogas and methane yields. The addition of Fe3O4 to particle sizes below 6 mm resulted in over-accumulation of volatile fatty acids and lowered the gas yield. This can be applied on an industrial scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-476
Number of pages10
JournalWaste Management and Research
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Anaerobic digestion
  • biogas
  • lignocellulose
  • methane
  • pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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