Experimental and petrological constraints on local-scale interaction of biotite-amphibole gneiss with H2O-CO2-(K, Na)Cl fluids at middle-crustal conditions: Example from the Limpopo Complex, South Africa

Oleg G. Safonov, Elizaveta I. Kovaleva, Svetlana A. Kosova, H. M. Rajesh, Georgy A. Belyanin, Maria A. Golunova, Dirk D. Van Reenen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reaction textures and fluid inclusions in the ∼2.0 Ga pyroxene-bearing dehydration zones within the Sand River biotite-hornblende orthogneisses (Central Zone of the Limpopo Complex) suggest that the formation of these zones is a result of close interplay between dehydration process along ductile shear zones triggered by H2O-CO2-salt fluids at 750-800°C and 5.5-6.2 kbar, partial melting, and later exsolution of residual brine and H2O-CO2 fluids during melt crystallization at 650-700°C. These processes caused local variations of water and alkali activity in the fluids, resulting in various mineral assemblages within the dehydration zone. The petrological observations are substantiated by experiments on the interaction of the Sand River gneiss with the H2O-CO 2-(K, Na)Cl fluids at 750 and 800°C and 5.5 kbar. It follows that the interaction of biotite-amphibole gneiss with H2O-CO 2-(K, Na)Cl fluids is accompanied by partial melting at 750-800°C. Orthopyroxene-bearing assemblages are characteristic for temperature 800°C and are stable in equilibrium with fluids with low salt concentrations, while salt-rich fluids produce clinopyroxene-bearing assemblages. These observations are in good agreement with the petrological data on the dehydration zones within the Sand River orthogneisses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-841
Number of pages13
JournalGeoscience Frontiers
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Charnockite
  • Experimental petrology
  • Fluid-rock interaction
  • NaCl-KCl brines
  • Partial melting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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