Exo-β-1,3-glucanase from yeast inhibits Colletotrichum lupini and Botrytis cinerea spore germination

Dean Oelofse, Ian Dubery, Dave K. Berger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Yeast exo-β-1,3-glucanase (EXG1) was evaluated as an inhibitory agent of Colletotrichum lupini and Botrytis cinerea. Extracts obtained from yeast transformed with the exg1 gene, expressing high levels of EXG1 activity, or control untransformed yeast cultures that lacked EXG1 activity, were added to different starting concentrations of C. lupini fungal spore suspensions (2.5 × 103 to 80 × 103 spores per flask), and mycelial dry weight was measured after 5 days. Inhibition of C. lupini mycelial growth by EXG1 compared with control extracts ranged from 41 to 20% when added to starting fungal spore concentrations of 2.5 × 103 to 80 × 103, respectively. EXG1 activity in the extracts from the transformed yeast remained high over the 5-day incubation period. Addition of the EXG1 extract after C. lupini spore germination resulted in lower inhibition, indicating that the EXG1 targets the β-glucan in the cell walls of the fungal spores at an early stage of germination. Furthermore, the yeast EXG1 extracts were also shown to inhibit Botrytis cinerea spore germination and growth. Thus, the use of the yeast exg1 gene for protection of crops, such as lupin and pear in transgenic strategies against C. lupini and B. cinerea, respectively, could be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Phytopathology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009


  • Anti-fungal
  • Botrytis cinerea
  • Colletotrichum lupini
  • Exo-β-1,3- glucanase
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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