Evaporation of ionic liquids at atmospheric pressure: Study by ion mobility spectrometry

S. Holopainen, M. Nousiainen, J. Puton, M. Sillanpää, U. Bardi, A. Tolstogouzov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A conventional ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) was used to study atmospheric pressure evaporation of seven pure imidazolium and pyrrolidinium ionic liquids (ILs) with [Tf2N], [PF6], [BF4] and [fap] anions. The positive drift time spectra of the as-received samples measured at 220 °C exhibited close similarity; the peak at reduced mobility K0 = 1.99 cm2 V-1 s-1 was a dominant spectral pattern of imidazolium-based ILs. With an assumption that ILs vapor consists mainly of neutral ion pairs, which generate the parent cations in the reactant section of the detector, and using the reference data on the electrical mobility of ILs cations and clusters, this peak was attributed to the parent cation [emim]. Despite visible change in color of the majority of ILs after the heating at 220 °C for 5 h, essential distinctions between spectra of the as-received and heated samples were not observed. In negative mode, pronounced peaks were registered only for ILs with [fap] anion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-915
Number of pages9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Drift time spectra
  • Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS)
  • Ionic liquids (ILs)
  • Thermal evaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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