Evaluation of microstructural and nanomechanical performance of spark plasma sintered TiFe-SiC reinforced aluminium matrix composites

Samuel Olukayode Akinwamide, Samuel Olukayode Akinwamide, Miltia Lesufi, Ojo Jeremiah Akinribide, Peggy Mpolo, Peter Apata Olubambi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the increasing demand for lighter materials with enhanced properties, the upgrade of techniques to improve the production of high-performance composite materials is of great interest in modern technology. The microstructural and mechanical properties of spark plasma sintered aluminium based composites with ferrotitanium (TiFe) and silicon carbide (SiC) reinforcements were investigated. High energy ball milling technique was adopted to effectively disperse the particles SiC and TiFe reinforcements into the matrix of aluminium, and the admixed powders were compacted using spark plasma sintering technique. The specimens sectioned from the sintered compacts were analysed using an X-ray diffractometer (XRD), optical microscope (OM), and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) to understand the microstructural features and phase evolution of the sintered composites. The mechanical properties of the composites were also investigated through hardness, nanomechanical and tribology tests. Results from the microstructural examinations conducted shows that the reinforcement particles were evenly dispersed within the aluminium matrix, as a result of the milling process. Furthermore, all the sintered composites had their microstructural features enhanced, but properties such as hardness, frictional coefficient, and elastic modulus were more enhanced in specimen reinforced with 2%SiC+2%TiFe particles. The reduced crystallite size recorded by the sintered specimens confirmed the effectiveness of the milling process, and powder metallurgy route adopted for fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12137-12148
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Research and Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • Aluminium
  • Composite
  • Ferrotitanium
  • Milling
  • Silicon carbide
  • Spark plasma sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys


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