Equilibrium sorption isotherms of Moringa oleifera leaves at different temperatures

Sunday Samuel Sobowale, Moruf Olanrewaju Oke, Lukumon Ayinde Odunmbaku, Oluwafemi Ayodeji Adebo

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Adsorption and desorption isotherms for Moringa oleifera leaves were investigated using concentrated H2SO4 solutions to vary the micro-climate over different temperatures (27, 32, 37°C) and water activity (aw) (0.1–0.8). Plots of equilibrium moisture content (EMC) against aw were used to generate isotherm curves, local isotherm (Li) concept and stability. The experimental data obtained were compared with four widely recommended models in the literature for food sorption isotherms [GAB, modified GAB (MGAB), modified Oswin (MOE) and OSWIN models]. Results obtained showed that the moisture sorption isotherms were sigmoidal in shape and were influenced by temperature. The four sorption models adequately predicted the adsorption and desorption isotherms for Moringa oleifera leaves at the evaluated temperatures, with R2 values between 0.980 and 0.998. The sequence in which the evaluated models effectively fitted the moisture sorption, were GAB, MGAB, MOE and OSWIN models, with GAB being the best. While the GAB model was most suitable for fitting the adsorption [Mean square error (MSE = 183.08), standard error of estimate (SEE = 549.24), R2 = 0.980)], MGAB was better for desorption isotherm [(MSE = 141.950), SSE = 425.86), R2 = 0.998] of Moringa oleifera leaves under practical storage temperature and water activity used in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2017


  • Moringa oleifera
  • adsorption
  • desorption
  • equilibrium moisture content
  • modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Development
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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