Environmentalism, development and british policy in the middle east 1945-65

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Britain attempted to create an informal empire in the Middle East and used the British Middle East Office to sponsor development work precisely to attain a significant influence in the region, one that would salvage a fair share of rapidly declining imperial power. Environmental initiatives, many of them focusing on forestry, composed a key element of this programme. However an informal empire did not ensue. This led the Foreign Office, and many istorians, to overlook the importance of the BMEO. This article explores how the environmental reforms proposed by British advisers radically changed land use in the Middle East between 1946 and 1970, and left behind a remarkable legacy of conservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-639
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • History
  • Political Science and International Relations


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