Entrepreneurship and innovation in Nigerian universities: Trends, challenges and opportunities

Muyiwa Oyinlola, Oluwaseun Kolade, Silifat Abimbola Okoya, Olubunmi Ajala, Arinola Adefila, Adedapo Adediji, Kunle Babaremu, Bosun Tijani, Jude Adejuwon, Faith Wambui, Esther Titilayo Akinlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In a bid to improve entrepreneurial outcomes of graduates from Nigerian universities, the Nigerian government has launched a range of interventions, including a 2004 national policy mandating compulsory inclusion of entrepreneurship education in the curriculum, and support for the establishment and implementation of entrepreneurship development activities by university departments. However, not much is known about the operational nuances, challenges and impact cases that characterise the implementation of this national policy in such a vast, culturally diverse country as Nigeria. To address this lacuna, this study draws on qualitative data from five focus groups, crystalised with quantitative data from 151 students across four Nigerian Universities, to explicate the current trends, successes, and challenges of entrepreneurship development and innovation support in Nigerian universities. The paper offers recommendations on how the current policy on entrepreneurship education in Nigeria can be enhanced to improve student entrepreneurial aspirations and outcomes. It also signposts innovative pedagogic activities which could be deployed to achieve this.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere29940
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Entrepreneurial aspirations
  • Entrepreneurial outcomes
  • Entrepreneurship education
  • Innovation
  • Nigeria
  • University-industry partnership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Multidisciplinary


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