Enhanced dielectric performance and energy storage density of polymer/graphene nanocomposites prepared by dual fabrication

U. O. Uyor, A. P.I. Popoola, O. M. Popoola, V. S. Aigbodion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymer/graphene nanocomposites (PGNs) have shown great potential as dielectric and energy storage materials. However, insolubility of graphene in most solvents, hydrophobic behaviour and poor dispersion in polymer matrix restrict wider fabrications and applications of PGNs. In this study, we present co-fabricated PGNs engineered by solution blending and melt compounding methods with improved dielectric performance. Further processing of PGNs by melt mixing after solution blending not only improved dispersion of graphene in the matrix but also ensured good interfacial interaction of the composites’ constituents and reduction of oxygen content in PGNs. Graphene nanoplatelets used in this study was slightly functionalized (fGNPs) to enhance dispersion in the polymer matrix. It was later characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectrometer. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used in morphological study of the fabricated composites. Dielectric properties, electrical conductivity, breakdown strength and energy storage capacity of the fabricated composites were investigated. The results obtained showed well-dispersed fGNPs in poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) matrix and improved dielectric performance. For instance, with 3.34 wt% and 6.67 wt% fGNPs co-fabricated composites, dielectric constant increased from about 9 for neat PVDF to 9930 and 38,418 at 100 Hz, respectively. While 7588 and 12,046 were respectively measured for solution blended-only composites at similar fGNPs content. These resulted to about 176.9% and 376.4% increase in energy storage density with 3.34 wt% and 6.67 wt% fGNPs co-fabricated composites when compared to their counterparts. These results were also credited to strong bonding, reduction of oxygen and recovered graphene structure by melt-mixing approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-285
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Polymer
  • co-fabrication
  • dielectric constant/loss
  • energy density
  • graphene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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