Engineering bright fluorescent nitrogen-vacancy (NV) nano-diamonds: Role of low-energy ion-irradiation parameters

Ravi Kumar, Priyanka Pandit, Prabir Pal, S. R. Dhakate, R. P. Pant, Raj Kumar, Devesh K. Avasthi, Dilip K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Bright emission from fluorescent nanodiamonds (FNDs) is highly desirable for optical bio-imaging applications. Here we report about optimized ion-irradiation and heat treatment conditions for efficient creation of Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in high pressure high temperature (HPHT) grown type Ib Nanodiamond samples irradiated in energy range (20-50 KeV) and at varying fluence (1012-1016 ions/cm2). Different low energy ion irradiations are not detrimental for the crystallinity of nanodiamonds as confirmed by X-ray diffraction and HRTEM. The concentration of defects near the outer surface (non-diamond carbon) has been increased for highest ion dose (50 KeV, 1016 ions/cm2) as compared to lower ion dose (50 KeV, 1013 ions/cm2). The relative emission intensity of characteristic Zero-phonon lines of NV°, NV- centers as compared to broad emission in the range 550-750 nm was monitored with varying NV creation conditions. Sample irradiated at 50 KeV and with fluence of 1013 ions/cm2 show maximum emission in the phonon side band (550-750 nm) with maxima at 680 nm. These optimized ion irradiation conditions leads to the fabrication of 12.5±0.8 ppm concentration of NV- centers in nanodiamonds. This is desirable for their use as biomarker. This work provides a recipe for creating bright nanodiamonds for optical imaging applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085023
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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