Energy Framework and Policy Direction Guidelines: Ghana 2017-2050 Perspectives

Kingsley Akom, Thokozani Shongwe, Meera K. Joseph, Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Ghana currently has no future energy strategic plan or framework for its generation system apart from the Energy Policy developed by the Energy Commission (EC). The EC based its research on the year 2000 parameters and estimated the energy system up to 2020, which cannot entirely address the current challenges facing the energy sector. The main objective of this paper is to develop an integrated energy planning (IEP) framework for Ghana as a guideline for addressing energy challenges, to promote energy efficiency in both demand and transmission, CO2 emissions reduction, and the utilization of renewable energy sources (RES). The methods used are content analysis, multiple case study, and procedure for IEP framework development. The primary computer tool used for the analysis and future energy projections was Long-range Energy Alternative Planning. The demand forecast was performed using key input parameters, including Gross Domestic Product, population change and urbanization. The overall results of this study suggest 40% of non-conventional renewable energy resources into the country's energy mix, proposed energy efficiency promotion in both demand and transmission, and the utilization of RES integration to save the nation up to about 40% CO2 emissions reduction. The paper recommends strategies to reduce losses in the transmission and distribution systems of Ghana. The paper again recommends the revenues accrued from the carbon tax for maintenance work on the existing equipment, and finally, an integrated energy planning framework was developed to serve as a roadmap for Ghana's energy sector up to the year 2050.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9172048
Pages (from-to)152851-152869
Number of pages19
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • CO₂ emissions
  • energy demand
  • energy efficiency
  • energy policy
  • installed capacity
  • integrated energy planning
  • renewable energy sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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