Energy Efficient Transmission Design for NOMA Backscatter-Aided UAV Networks with Imperfect CSI

Saad AlJubayrin, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi, Hadeel Alsolai, Mesfer Al Duhayyim, Mohamed K. Nour, Wali Ullah Khan, Asad Mahmood, Khaled Rabie, Thokozani Shongwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The recent combination of ambient backscatter communication (ABC) with non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has shown great potential for connecting large-scale Internet of Things (IoT) in future unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) networks. The basic idea of ABC is to provide battery-free transmission by harvesting the energy of existing RF signals of WiFi, TV towers, and cellular base stations/UAV. ABC uses smart sensor tags to modulate and reflect data among wireless devices. On the other side, NOMA makes possible the communication of more than one IoT on the same frequency. In this work, we provide an energy efficient transmission design ABC-aided UAV network using NOMA. This work aims to optimize the power consumption of a UAV system while ensuring the minimum data rate of IoT. Specifically, the transmit power of UAVs and the reflection coefficient of the ABC system are simultaneously optimized under the assumption of imperfect channel state information (CSI). Due to co-channel interference among UAVs, imperfect CSI, and NOMA interference, the joint optimization problem is formulated as non-convex, which involves high complexity and makes it hard to obtain the optimal solution. Thus, it is first transformed and then solved by a sub-gradient method with low complexity. In addition, a conventional NOMA UAV framework is also studied for comparison without involving ABC. Numerical results demonstrate the benefits of using ABC in a NOMA UAV network compared to the conventional UAV framework.

Original languageEnglish
Article number190
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022


  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • ambient backscatter communication (ABC)
  • non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)
  • unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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