Electrochemical Detection of 2,4-Dichlorophenol on a Ternary Composite Electrode of Diamond, Graphene, and Polyaniline

Moses G. Peleyeju, Azeez O. Idris, Eseoghene H. Umukoro, Jonathan O. Babalola, Omotayo A. Arotiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, a novel ternary composite electrode made from diamond, graphene, and polyaniline was prepared, characterized, and applied for the electrochemical determination of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) in aqueous media. The composite obtained through oxidative polymerization of aniline in the presence of graphene and diamond was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Brunauer−Emmett−Teller surface area analysis. A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with the composite material and the electrochemical properties of the bare and modified electrodes were investigated by using cyclic voltammetry, square wave voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The obtained results show that the modified electrode exhibits superior electrochemical properties to the bare GCE. Determination of 2,4-DCP in 0.1 M HNO3 was carried out by using square wave voltammetry, and the oxidation peak of the analyte was found to increase linearly with increasing concentration. The linear regression equation was y=1.1075*10-6*+2.5840*10-5 and the detection limit was calculated to be 0.25 μM. The electrode exhibited antifouling capabilities during the electro-oxidation of 2,4-DCP. The sensor was utilized for the detection of 2,4-DCP in domestic wastewater and it is believed to hold promise for practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1074-1080
Number of pages7
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017


  • 2,4-dichlorophenol
  • diamond
  • electrochemical sensors
  • graphene
  • polyaniline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electrochemistry


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