Electrochemical aptasensor for endocrine disrupting 17β-estradiol based on a Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiopene)-gold nanocomposite platform

Rasaq A. Olowu, Omotayo Arotiba, Stephen N. Mailu, Tesfaye T. Waryo, Priscilla Baker, Emmanuel Iwuoha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple and highly sensitive electrochemical DNA aptasensor with high affinity for endocrine disrupting 17β-estradiol, was developed. Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene) (PEDOT) doped with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) was electrochemically synthesized and employed for the immobilization of biotinylated aptamer towards the detection of the target. The diffusion coefficient of the nanocomposite was 6.50 × 10-7 cm2 s-1, which showed that the nanocomposite was highly conducting. Electrochemical impedance investigation also revealed the catalytic properties of the nanocomposite with an exchange current value of 2.16 × 10-4 A, compared to 2.14 × 10-5 A obtained for the bare electrode. Streptavidin was covalently attached to the platform using carbodiimide chemistry and the aptamer immobilized via streptavidin-biotin interaction. The electrochemical signal generated from the aptamer-target molecule interaction was monitored electrochemically using cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry in the presence of [Fe(CN)6]-3/-4 as a redox probe. The signal observed shows a current decrease due to interference of the bound 17β-estradiol. The current drop was proportional to the concentration of 17β-estradiol. The PEDOT/AuNP platform exhibited high electroactivity, with increased peak current. The platform was found suitable for the immobilization of the DNAaptamer. The aptasensor was able to distinguish 17β-estradiol from structurally similar endocrine disrupting chemicals denoting its specificity to 17β-estradiol. The detectable concentration range of the 17β-estradiol was 0.1 nM-100 nM, with a detection limit of 0.02 nM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9872-9890
Number of pages19
JournalSensors
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aptamer
  • Avidin/biotin
  • Modified electrode
  • Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)
  • Square wave voltammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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