Effects of surface roughness on mixed convection nanoliquid flow over slender cylinder with liquid hydrogen diffusion

P. M. Patil, A. Shashikant, P. S. Hiremath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of surface roughness on boundary layer flow characteristics over moving surfaces is of considerable research interest in recent times. In the present study, the effects of surface roughness on flow over moving slender cylinder are analyzed in presence of mixed convection nanoliquid boundary layer flow. The problem is modelled in terms of highly nonlinear dimensional partial differential equations, which are written in non-dimensional form with the help of non-similar transformations. The resulting equations are reduced to linear partial differential equations by utilizing Quasilinearization technique, which are discretized using implicit finite difference scheme. The results obtained during the numerical simulation are then depicted through graphs in terms of various profiles and gradients and are analyzed with proper physical explanations. The roughness of slender cylinder surface is represented in a deterministic model as a sine wave form and yields sinusoidal variations in the values of skin-friction coefficient, wall heat and mass transfer rates. It is observed that the surface roughness effects are more prominent away from the orifice. The local frequency of gradients increases (i.e. wavelength decreases) with the increase in the frequency of surface roughness (n). The addition of nanoparticles into the ordinary fluid enhances the skin-friction coefficient and wall mass transfer rate. However, due to its effects, significant reduction is observed in the wall heat transfer rate. The phase difference of gradient oscillations arising in presence of nanoparticles is suppressed further away from the origin due to surface roughness. Interestingly, the amplitude of gradient oscillations remain higher in case of nanoliquid in comparison with that in case of ordinary fluid. Furthermore, the magnitude of wall mass transfer rate of liquid hydrogen is higher than that of nanoparticle wall mass transfer rate, which signifies the higher diffusivity of nanoparticles. The results of present study are of practical relevance to industrial applications such as polymer fibre coating and coating of wires.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11121-11133
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Liquid hydrogen
  • Nanoliquid
  • Quasilinearization
  • Slender cylinder
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of surface roughness on mixed convection nanoliquid flow over slender cylinder with liquid hydrogen diffusion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this