Effect of some nitrogen donor ligands on the optical and structural properties of CdS nanoparticles

Damian C. Onwudiwe, Christien A. Strydom, Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The cadmium complex of N-ethyl-N-phenyl dithiocarbamate, 1, and its 2,2′-bipyridine and 1,10-phenanthroline adducts, 2, and 3, respectively, have been used as single source precursors for the synthesis of CdS nanoparticles. The formation of CdS nanoparticles was achieved by thermal decomposition of the complexes (pyrolysis) and thermolysis in the presence of hexadecylamine-HDA (solvothermal). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses were carried out to study the structural properties of the nanoparticles. Complex 1 afforded rod-shaped nanoparticles while star-shaped nanoparticles were obtained from complexes 2 and 3. The optical property of the CdS nanoparticles was studied by UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy. The spectral features for the nanoparticles prepared via the solvothermal route were significantly sharper and blue shifted to a greater extent relative to the corresponding bulk semiconductor, compared to the observed shift in the nanoparticles prepared via pyrolysis. All the as-synthesized material exhibited band edge luminescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-842
Number of pages9
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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