Effect of seawater acidification on physiological and energy metabolism responses of the common Cockle (Anadara antiquata) of Gazi Bay, Kenya

Veronica Wayayi Ogolla Wanjeri, Eric Okuku, Jane Catherine Ngila, Patrick Gathura Ndungu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ocean acidification (OA) is becoming a potential threat to marine organisms, especially in calcifying marine invertebrates. So far, along the Kenya Coast, there has been little research on the impact of OA on cockle (Anadara antiquata), particularly on their physiological impacts induced by exposure to acidified seawater. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the physiological and biochemical responses of Anadara antiquata under present and future predicted seawater pH. In this study, the Anadara antiquata was exposed to three pH treatments (pH 7.90, 7.60, and 7.30) for 8 weeks to mimic future OA and to understand the physiological and biochemical effects on the organisms. Condition index, energy reserves (glycogen and protein), and cellular damage (e.g., lipid peroxidation level) were measured. Condition index (CI) showed no significant difference at different pH treatments (pH 7.90, 7.60, and 7.30), whereas the survival Anadara antiquata was slightly reduced after 8 weeks of exposure to pH 7.30. Glycogen and protein content were not affected at reduced pH (7.60 and 7.30). However, after 8 weeks of exposure to pH 7.60 and 7.30, Anadara antiquata showed a slight decrease in lipid peroxidation, an indication of cellular damage. The physiological and biochemical parameters analyzed (glycogen and protein content; lipid peroxidation levels) showed useful biomarkers to assess ocean acidification impacts in cockle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115500
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Cockle (Anadara antiquata)
  • Energy reserves
  • Indian Ocean
  • Ocean acidification
  • Physiological

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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