Effect of Mg2+ ions on competitive metal ions adsorption/desorption on magnesium ferrite: Mechanism, reusability and stability studies

Andrei Ivanets, Vladimir Prozorovich, Tatyana Kouznetsova, Tetiana Dontsova, Olena Yanushevska, Ahmad Hosseini-Bandegharaei, Varsha Srivastava, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adsorption behavior of magnesium ferrite in single- and multicomponent metal ions solutions in the presence of Mg2+ ions were studied. A dramatic decrease in the adsorption capacity of magnesium ferrite towards Mn2+, Co2+, and Ni2+ ions for comparison study of single- and multicomponent solutions was established. The affinity of the sorbent in accordance with the maximum sorption capacities increases in the following order Cu2+ > Co2+ > Ni2+ > Mn2+. High efficiency of magnesium ferrite regeneration (~100%) with aqueous solutions of magnesium chloride in the concentration range of 0.001–0.1 M was shown. The low degree of toxic metal ions desorption combined with XRD, IR spectroscopy, and EDX analysis data indicate the key role of Mg2+ ion adsorption in the magnesium ferrite adsorbent regeneration. The positive effect of the introduction of Mg2+ ions into multicomponent solutions on metal ions adsorption was established, which is accompanied by an increase in the maximum sorption capacity for all metal ions and especially significant increase in the selectivity towards Cu2+ ions (2.41 mmol/g). The stability of the crystal structure of magnesium ferrite and a low degree of Mg2+ and Fe3+ ions leaching during multiple cycles of adsorption and regeneration of the adsorbent were observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124902
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume411
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Competitive adsorption
  • Magnesium ferrite
  • Mechanism adsorption
  • Regeneration
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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