Effect of inclined roof on the airflow associated with a wind driven turbine ventilator

Shao Ting J. Lien, Noor A. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Rotating wind driven turbine ventilator has been used as cost-effective environmental friendly natural ventilation device. Rotating wind driven turbine ventilator type of device is usually installed on the rooftop to extract air extract air flow from a building to improve air quality and comfort. Performance investigations carried thus far on turbine ventilator have ignored the effect of the inclination on rooftop. An experimental program was, therefore, formulated at the aerodynamic laboratory of the University of New South Wales to study such effect on a simulated rooftop. The results obtained from the measured forces and rotational speeds on different configurations indicate that the effect is minimal in extracting air from a building at low wind speed. The static pressure and skin friction distributions on the simulated roof further supports this finding. Two important conclusions can be drawn from the present investigation: firstly, the presence of the inclined roof may extend the safety margin in the operation of a turbine ventilator at high wind speed by reducing the magnitude of the total force that acts on the ventilator; secondly the dependency of the total fore on low Reynolds number suggests that the efficiency and reliability of operation of such ventilator should be boosted through the provision of other power source such as solar power at low wind speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-365
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Inclined roof
  • Rotating turbine ventilator
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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