Effect of annealing on the structural, morphological and photoluminescence properties of ZnO thin films prepared by spin coating

Vinod Kumar, Vijay Kumar, S. Som, A. Yousif, Neetu Singh, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, Avinashi Kapoor, H. C. Swart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films were deposited on silicon substrates by a sol-gel method using the spin coating technique. The ZnO films were annealed at 700°C in an oxygen environment using different annealing times ranging from 1 to 4h. It was observed that all the annealed films exhibited a hexagonal wurtzite structure. The particle size increased from 65 to 160nm with the increase in annealing time, while the roughness of the films increased from 2.3 to 10.6nm with the increase in the annealing time. Si diffusion from the substrate into the ZnO layer occurred during the annealing process. It is likely that the Si and O2 influenced the emission of the ZnO by reducing the amount of Zn defects and the creation of new oxygen related defects during annealing in the O2 atmosphere. The emission intensity was found to be dependent on the reflectance of the thin films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume428
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Annealing time
  • Auger electron spectroscopy
  • Sol-gel
  • Spin coating
  • ZnO thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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