E-government implementation in Zambia - prospects

Kelvin Joseph Bwalya, Tanya Du Plessis, Chris Rensleigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The article aims to investigate the potential of successfully implementing e-government in Zambia by considering citizens' and businesses' perceptions on e-government. Further, the study investigates what interventions have been put in place to encourage e-government development. The motivation of the study is that despite huge investments in e-government, there has been relatively slow adoption rendering the said interventions not to culminate into meaningful socio-economic value prepositions. Design/methodology/approach: Using the mixed methods research (MMR) approach, the study intends to identify factors influencing the adoption of e-government solutions in Zambia both at the individual and organizational level. The questionnaire utilized in this research is informed by the technology acceptance model (TAM) as well as the institutional theory and the Giddens' structuration theory. Spearman's ρ was used to determine concurrent and construct validity of the data collection instruments. Findings: The study posits that a lot needs to be done if e-government were to succeed in Zambia. A majority of the research respondents are not aware of e-government implementation in Zambia. It is desirable that e-government should be implemented with due reference to local contextual characteristics. If factors negatively influencing e-government growth in Zambia are addressed, the prospects for e-government's contribution to revitalizing the public service are high. Research limitations/implications: Since the empirical component of this study did not cover all the nine provinces of Zambia and utilised a limited sample size of 411, the findings may not be truly representative of the situation on the ground. However, the study provides insights on what factors may influence successful implementation of e-government in Zambia. The paper recommends that further empirical study with a larger and more representative sample should be done in order for the findings to command higher statistical relevance. Practical implications: The identified factors may act as pointers to decision makers' endeavours to design context-aware e-government interventions. This is very important to reduce failure incidences of e-government interventions considering huge costs incurred mostly using tax payers' money. Further, study findings may be used to inform strategies for effervescent e-government development in Zambia by outlining desired interventions and anticipated adoption levels by the citizenry (supply versus demand). Originality/value: Very limited studies have focused on understanding e-government development in Zambia especially from individuals' perspective. Most studies have attempted to understand the e-government development at a global level. This study, however, highlights factors that influence e-government proliferation at both the macro and micro levels of the socio-economic hierarchy in Zambia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-130
Number of pages30
JournalTransforming Government: People, Process and Policy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • Citizens
  • E-government
  • Zambia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Administration
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems and Management


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