Do transformational leaders enhance their followers' daily work engagement?

Maria Tims, Arnold B. Bakker, Despoina Xanthopoulou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

439 Citations (Scopus)


This diary study investigated whether and how supervisors' leadership style influences followers' daily work engagement. On the basis of leadership theories and the job demands-resources model, we predicted that a transformational leadership style enhances employees' work engagement through the mediation of self-efficacy and optimism, on a day-to-day basis. Forty-two employees first filled in a general questionnaire, and then a diary survey over five consecutive workdays. The results of multilevel analyses offered partial support for our hypotheses. Daily transformational leadership related positively to employees' daily engagement, and day-levels of optimism fully mediated this relationship. However, daily self-efficacy did not act as a mediator. These findings expand theory and previous research by illuminating the role of transformational leaders in fostering employee work engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-131
Number of pages11
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Diary study
  • Personal resources
  • Transformational leadership
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Do transformational leaders enhance their followers' daily work engagement?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this