Diminishing Active Power Loss and Improving Voltage Profile Using an Improved Pathfinder Algorithm Based on Inertia Weight

Samson Ademola Adegoke, Yanxia Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Part of the widely discussed problem in electrical power systems is the optimal reactive power dispatch (ORPD) due to its reliability and economical operation of electrical power systems. The ORPD is a complex and nonlinear optimization problem. The pathfinder algorithm (PFA) is a newly developed algorithm that inspires the group movement of prey with a leader called a pathfinder when hunting for food. The inertia weight is added to the PFA and is called an improved pathfinder algorithm (IPFA) to support the proper random work of the swarm to avoid the decrease in searchability of the PFA. The IPFA was proposed in this work to diminish the active power loss while improving the voltage profile. The IPFA was validated on the IEEE 30 and 118 bus systems along with particle swarm optimization (PSO) and the teaching–learning-based optimizer (TLBO). The proposed IPFA provides the best result as the losses of the IEEE 30 and 118 test systems were reduced to 16.035 and 115.048 MW from the initial base of 17.89 and 132.86 MW, respectively. The losses of PSO and the TLBO were 16.1568 and 16.1607 MW for the IEEE 30 bus system, respectively, while for the IEEE 118 bus system, the PSO provided 117.9129 MW and the TLBO provided 118.0524 MW. The two test systems’ reduction percentages (%) were 10.37% and 13.41%, respectively. The results were compared with those of other algorithms in the literature, and the IPFA provided a superior result, thereby suggesting the superiority of IPFA methods in diminishing the power loss and improving the system’s voltage profile.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1270
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • ORPD
  • diminished active power loss
  • improved pathfinder algorithm
  • pathfinder algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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