Dimensionality of the 9-item Utrecht work engagement scale (UWES-9)

Gideon P. de Bruin, Carolina M. Henn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


Despite wide-spread use, questions remain about the dimensionality of the 9-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9). Theoretical underpinnings of the UWES-9 point toward a hierarchical structure with a general factor and three group or primary factors: Dedication, Vigor, and Absorption. To date, researchers have failed to model the general factor, which contributes to the lack of consensus about the dimensionality of the scale. Bi-factor analysis was used to demonstrate the presence of a very strong general factor and, in comparison, two weak group factors. The results shed additional light on the meaning of the work engagement construct. The implications for research with the UWES-9 are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)788-799
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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