Different regions, diverse classrooms? A study of primary classrooms in China

Carmel McNaught, Beatrice Lok, Hongbiao Yin, John Chi Kin Lee, Huan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Classroom experience is shaped by a number of factors. In this paper, we report a classroom observation study in China, illustrating regional variation in students' classroom learning experiences. Through comparing and contrasting observed classroom practices in three different regions in China (Chongqing, Hong Kong and Shanghai), the paper provides an analysis of the variation in classroom learning experiences of primary school students in China. Our empirical classroom observation data illustrates some key differences in the pedagogy, the use of classroom activities, and the implementation of the curriculum between individual schools. More substantial differences in classroom practices are found when comparing schools from different regions than those within a given city, leading us to conclude that regional impacts on student experience appear to be more important than within-city factors such as the location of a school or its level of facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-336
Number of pages18
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • China
  • classroom experience
  • interactivity
  • primary classrooms
  • regional differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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