Development of ZSM-22/polyethersulfone membrane for effective salt rejection

Nyiko M. Chauke, Richard M. Moutloali, James Ramontja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


ZSM-22/polyethersulfone membranes were prepared for salt rejection using modelled brackish water. The membranes were fabricated via direct ZSM-22 incorporation into a polymer matrix, thereby inducing the water permeability, hydrophilicity and fouling resistance of the pristine polyethersulfone (PES) membrane. A ZSM-22 zeolite material with a 60 Si/Al ratio, high crystallinity and needle-like morphologies was produced and effectively used as a nanoadditive in the development of ZSM-22/PES membranes with nominal loadings of 0-0.75 wt.%. The characterisation and membrane performance evaluation of the resulting materials with XRD, BET, FTIR, TEM, SEM and contact angle as well as dead-end cell, respectively, showed improved water permeability in comparison with the pristine PES membrane. These ZSM-22/PES membranes were found to be more effective and superior in the processing of modelled brackish water. The salt rejection of the prepared membranes for NaCl and MgCl2 was effective, while they exhibited quite improved water flux and flux recovery ratios in the membrane permeability and anti-fouling test. This indicates that different amounts of ZSM-22 nanoadditives produce widely divergent influences on the performance of the pristine PES membrane. As such, over 55% of salt rejection is observed, which means that the obtained membranes are effective in salt removal from water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1446
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • Polyethersulfone
  • Polymer membranes
  • Salt rejection
  • Zeolite ZSM-22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of ZSM-22/polyethersulfone membrane for effective salt rejection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this