Development and validation of the job crafting scale

Maria Tims, Arnold B. Bakker, Daantje Derks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1082 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed and validated a scale to measure job crafting behavior in three separate studies conducted in The Netherlands (total N= 1181). Job crafting is defined as the self-initiated changes that employees make in their own job demands and job resources to attain and/or optimize their personal (work) goals. In Study 1 and 2 the Dutch job crafting scale (JCS) was developed and tested for its factor structure, reliability, and convergent validity. The criterion validity of the JCS was examined in Study 3. The results indicated that there are four independent job crafting dimensions, namely increasing social job resources, increasing structural job resources, increasing challenging job demands, and decreasing hindering job demands. These dimensions could be reliably measured with 21 items. The JCS shows convergent validity when correlated with the active constructs proactive personality (+), personal initiative (+), and the inactive construct cynicism (-). In addition, results indicated that self-reports of job crafting correlated positively with colleague-ratings of work engagement, employability, and performance - thus supporting the criterion validity of the JCS. Finally, self-rated job crafting behaviors correlated positively with peer-rated job crafting behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-186
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Job crafting
  • Job demands resources model
  • Proactivity
  • Scale development
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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