Determination of thallium in water samples using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) after ultrasonic assisted-dispersive solid phase microextraction

N. Raphael Biata, K. Mogolodi Dimpe, James Ramontja, Nomvano Mketo, Philiswa N. Nomngongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A rapid and effective ultrasonic assisted-solid phase micro-extraction (UA-DSPME) was developed for the preconcentration of thallium in real water samples. The ZnO-ZrO2@AC composite functionalized with 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) was used as an adsorbent and the target analyte was quantified using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The morphological, crystalline physical and chemical properties of the composite were characterized by scanning electron microscope/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The two-level fractional factorial design and response surface methodology were used to optimize experimental parameters affecting the preconcentration procedure. Under optimum conditions, the enrichment factor (EF), limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were found to be 112, 0.25 ng L− 1, and 0.84 ng L− 1, respectively. Furthermore, intra-day and inter-day precisions expressed in terms of relative standard deviation (RSD) were found to be 2.4% and 4.3%, respectively. Moreover, the linear dynamic range was between LOQ and 350 μg L− 1 with the correlation coefficient of 0.9966.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-222
Number of pages9
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • 1-(2-Pyridylazo)-2-naphthol
  • Chelating agent
  • Preconcentration
  • Solid phase microextraction
  • Thallium
  • ZnO-ZrO@AC composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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